17 عدد مرات التحميل
The primary objective of dentists has always been to prevent tooth loss. Despite this effort, many teeth develop caries, suffer traumatic injury, or are impacted by other diseases and
, often requiring endodontic care. Endodontics is a discipline of dentistry that deals with the morphology, physiology, and pathology of the human dental pulp and periapical
, as well as the prevention and treatment of diseases and injuries related to these
. Its scope is wide and includes diagnosis and treatment of pain of pulpal and/or periapical origin, vital pulp therapy, nonsurgical
treatment, retreatment of unsuccessful treatment, internal bleaching and endodontic surgery. Ultimately, the primary goal in endodontics is to preserve the natural dentition.
treatment is a well-tested procedure that has provided
and has restored function and esthetics to patients.
of patients expect preservation of their natural dentition; if
treatment is necessary, they should be aware that the procedure is safe and has a high success rate if properly performed.
As with other dental specialties, the practice of endodontics requires two inseparable components: art and science. The art consists of executing technical procedures during
treatment. The science includes the basic and clinical sciences related to biological and pathological conditions that guide the art of endodontics through the principles and methods of evidence-based treatment. Evidence-based treatment integrates the best clinical evidence with the practitioner’s clinical expertise and the patient’s treatment needs and preferences. A principal objective of our
is to incorporate evidence-based information when available and when appropriate.
Because there are not enough endodontists to manage the endodontic needs of the public, general dentists must assist endodontists to preserve natural dentition. Their responsibility is to diagnose pulpal and periapical diseases and to perform noncomplicated
, written specifically for dental students and general dentists, contains the information necessary for those who would like to incorporate endodontics in their practice. This includes diagnosis and treatment planning as well as management of pulpal and periapical diseases.
, the general dentist must be able to determine the case complexity and whether she or he can perform the necessary treatment or if referral is the better option.
Although many advances have been made in endodontics in the past decade, the main objectives of
therapy continue to be the removal of diseased tissue, the elimination of microorganisms, and the prevention of recontamination after treatment. This new edition of
Endodontics: Principles and Practice
has been systematically organized to simulate the order of procedures performed in a clinical setting. It contains information regarding normal structures, etiology of disease, diagnosis and treatment planning, local anesthesia, emergency treatment,
instruments, access preparations, cleaning and shaping, obturation, and temporization.
, it covers etiology, prevention, and treatment of accidental procedural errors, as well as treatment of inadequate
–treated teeth using nonsurgical and surgical approaches. Furthermore, it provides guidelines regarding the assessment of outcomes of these procedures. Finally, we have added an appendix containing self-assessment questions. Except for one chapter, these questions were developed by two endodontists not involved in the actual writing of the chapters, our belief being that having questions asked by people independent of the text itself adds additional value to the questions: This process (1) ensures that
understands the purpose of the writer and (2) assesses the knowledge of
Saunders; 4 edition (March 10, 2008)